Safe Chemical Handling


Hazardous Chemicals:
There are; Corrosive, Flammable, Toxic, Reactive,
Biological (infectious), Carcinogen (cancer-causing),
 and Radioactive materials which are in liquid, solid,
and gas or vapor physical states.

Chemicals Should Always be Properly Handled:

Read all labels, always follow procedures.
Use cautions to keep yourself
and the work area clean.
Try to plan ahead how to accomplish task.

Routes of Exposure:
Ingestion,
Inhalation, Absorption & Injection.

Symptoms of Possible Overexposure:
Headache, Nausea, Vomiting, Dizziness,
Skin irritation, Irritation of eyes,
Breathing difficulty. 

Handling Flammable Chemicals:
Keep containers closed when not in use.
Keep away from ignition sources.
Avoid contact with incompatible materials.
Transfer
only to approved containers.
Ground or bond all receiving containers.
Clean up spills and dispose of waste properly.

Proper Storage of Flammable Chemicals:
Store quantities in approved storage rooms and cabinets.
Replace all bung caps with drum vents for barrels.
Ground all drums and barrels properly.
Store only in small quantities.
Do not store incompatible chemicals.

Incompatible Chemicals:
Strong acids and strong alkalines or bases.
 Concentrated acids and water.
Flammables and any ignition source.
Flammables and oxidizers.
Acids and cyanides.
Organic solvents and corrosives.
Corrosives and other reactive materials.

Safety Tips:
Never eat, drink, or smoke while using hazardous chemicals.
Use personal protective equipment (PPE) as required.
Make sure all chemical containers are properly labeled.
Always wash up after using chemicals.
Never smell or taste a chemical to identify it.
Know all emergency procedures and equipment.
Always read labels’ MSDS's prior to use.
Store all hazardous chemicals properly.
Always use hazardous chemicals as intended.

Primary Container Labels
The container the chemical is recieved in is
the primary container and must have
the identity of the contents,
the appropriate hazard warnings,
the name and address of the manufacturer
and the target organ and effects labeled.

Secondary Container Labels:
If the chemical is transferred to another container,
you must also transfer as a minimum
the identity of the contents,
and its hazard warning information
labeled on the secondary container.

Unknown Samples:
All lab instructors and lab prep personnel
who prepare unknown samples for labs
MUST label the unknown samples with
the course name, the lab experiment number,
a descrete identification, and the date,
(ex; CHEM 2134, exp#10, unk. A, 8/21/03)
and MUST provide
this information
to the chemical hygiene officer,
or the lab instructor.

Handling Chemical Emergencies:
Know emergency phone numbers (911).
Know how to control a spill.
Know proper evacuation routes and assembly areas.
Emergency personnel should know cleanup
and disposal measures, and what
 protective equipment (PPE) is
required.

First Aid for Chemicals in the Eyes:
Don’t rub the eyes, hold eyelids open
and flush with water for 15 minutes,
may require the assistance of another person
to help hold eyelids open.
Be careful not to contaminate the other eye.
Immediately seek additional medical attention.

First Aid for Chemicals on the Skin:
Flush area with water for 15 minutes, ensuring
the water is not hot (lukewarm or room temp).
Remove any clothing and jewelry from
contaminated area while flushing.
Seek additional medical attention.

First Aid for Chemical Inhalation:
Move to fresh air, get immediate help.

First Aid for Chemical Ingestion:
Induce vomiting only if told to do so by
medical personnel or Arkansas Poison Control Center;
1 800 3POISON
(1 800 376-4766)
Get immediate medical attention.

Agencies That Regulate Hazardous Chemical Storage:

Arkansas Department of Labor (AROSHA)
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Department of Transportation (DOT)


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