Print this page and make notes on the page.    Unit One Study Sheet    Answer all questions!!!  Follow all links!!! 

Listen to each piece more than once and make notes as you listen - instruments & voices used, tempo, style, texture, mood, etc.

You may also go to my TDrive: space, Unit One for additional tracks and PowerPoints for your iPod or computer, to help you listen over and over.

If you use Spotify you can search for DrBarber1 playlist for the music from this unit.      

We can only hear what we have the vocabulary to hear.  Jeanne Bamberger, MIT


  Read & listen WebPage - John Williams 

? List at least three movie themes written by John Williams? 
Nominated for Academy Award for "Lincoln" 2013.

Memorize the Five Elements of Music. Relate them to music you know.

go Five Elements of Music

Vocabulary: (define)

coda -

fanfare -

theme -
composer -

conductor -

motif -

soundtrack -

musical score -


 Rhythm  goDrumGame

? What was the cause of the sadness that engulfed Bizet (Bi zay') prior to his death at age 36? "Ah, music! What a beautiful art! But what a wretched profession!"G.B.

Bizet (1838 - 1875) lived during our Civil War era

"Habanera" from Carmen - with lyrics

AND another golden moment in harmony -
Duet from Bizet's The Pearl Fishers
Andrea Bocelli, tenor and Bryn Terfel, baritone.
Lyrics at









Tech Students perform the duet

Melody & Harmony

KeyboardGo to the site.
Concepts to study:
key, modulation, scales ( do, re, me,...), chords, major/minor, consonance/dissonance, harmonic progressions (chord changes)

  Read & listen WebPage - Aaron Copland

"Lincoln Portrait"  Henry Fonda narrates at 8:01.  
 About the work. ? Why did he include text?
In 1942, shortly after the U.S. entered World War Two, conductor Andre Kostelanetz commissioned Aaron Copland to compose a work to fortify and comfort people during that time of national distress. Copland felt overwhelmed by the assignment, but eventually came up with a work that has since become a touchstone in times of crisis, and one of the most enduring works in American music, "A Lincoln Portrait."

HINT:  In class when we listen to a piece of music - write its title and then describe it (instruments, tempo, etc.) to help you begin to actively listen to music.


Video on Texture

3. pitch 




homophonic Chords + Melody




Aaron Coplandís Lincoln Portrait - Narratorís Text

"Fellow citizens, we cannot escape history."

That is what he said. That is what Abraham Lincoln said.

"Fellow citizens, we cannot escape history. We of this congress and this administration will be remembered in spite of ourselves. No personal significance or insignificance can spare one or another of us. The fiery trial through which we pass will light us down in honor or dishonor to the latest generation. We, even we here, hold the power and bear the responsibility." [Annual Message to Congress, December 1, 1862]

He was born in Kentucky, raised in Indiana, and lived in Illinois. And this is what he said. This is what Abe Lincoln said.

"The dogmas of the quiet past are inadequate to the stormy present. The occasion is piled high with difficulty and we must rise with the occasion. As our case is new, so we must think anew and act anew. We must disenthrall ourselves and then we will save our country." [Annual Message to Congress, December 1, 1862]

When standing erect he was six feet four inches tall, and this is what he said.

He said: "It is the eternal struggle between two principles, right and wrong, throughout the world. It is the same spirit that says 'you toil and work and earn bread, and I'll eat it.' No matter in what shape it comes, whether from the mouth of a king who seeks to bestride the people of his own nation, and live by the fruit of their labor, or from one race of men as an apology for enslaving another race, it is the same tyrannical principle." [Lincoln-Douglas debates, 15 October 1858]

Lincoln was a quiet man. Abe Lincoln was a quiet and a melancholy man. But when he spoke of democracy, this is what he said.

He said: "As I would not be a slave, so I would not be a master. This expresses my idea of democracy. Whatever differs from this, to the extent of the difference, is no democracy."

Abraham Lincoln, sixteenth president of these United States, is everlasting in the memory of his countrymen. For on the battleground at Gettysburg, this is what he said:

He said: "That from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion. That we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain. That this nation under God shall have a new birth of freedom and that government of the people, by the people, and for the people shall not perish from the earth."

[Gettysburg Address, November 19, 1863]

Copland hand  
Dynamics, Timbre, & Organization

 ? What is music?   ?What is NOT music?

What are the roles in form for: 1. repetition, 2. variation, 3. contrast ?

What is a featured instrument in Rodrigo's  Concierto de Aranjuez?   (con chair' toe jj deh ar an whez' ) 

                                Horn¬ ¬  GuitarClassical.jpg (45304 bytes)

runGo to other versions page
How are they different than the original?
How are they similar to the one on your CD?
runPrint this page and complete while you listen to the original and one other version.
Bring to the test. Do your own work. You are smart and have good ideas.


4. dynamics 





decibel -new




Eric Johnson

Components of songs

Orchestral Instruments - video overview  - Part 1 - Part 2

Write out the families and the instruments that belong to them to help you remember.  Look at the photos and read captions.

hear Benjamin Britten's  The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra p.38-39







Other Musical Instruments 

Frostiana - Choral Music Vocal music

What is the physiological cause for the difference in men and women's voices?

When and where was the piano first constructed? Year & country

What are the four classifications of folk instruments? This classification system works for all instruments - not just folk or instruments of the orchestra. How does the instrument make its sound?

panpipe - aerophone An aerophone is
                              any musical instrument which produces
                              sound primarily by causing a body of air
                              to vibrate, without the use of strings or
                              membranes, and without the vibration of
                              the instrument itself adding considerably
                              to the sound.  marimba - ideophone An idiophone
                              is any musical instrument which creates
                              sound primarily by way of the instrument
                              itself vibrating, without the use of
                              strings or membranes. djembe - membranophone A
                              membranophone is any musical instrument
                              which produces sound primarily by way of a
                              vibrating stretched membrane.  erhu -
                              chordophone A chordophone is any musical
                              instrument which produces sound primarily
                              by way of a vibrating string or strings
                              stretched between two points.

To which group would each belong?  Banjo, harmonica, tuba, cello

A fifth group has been added - electrophone

An electrophone is any musical instrument which produces sound primarily by electrical means.synthesizer-gross-4.jpg (56538 bytes)

Excerpt from "Good Vibrations" featuring the Theremin, electonic keyboard, bass guitar, and cello. Are these singers basses or tenors?

Theremin (mov)




harpsichord  -  hear it

auto-tune -








*     *     *     *    *   

Unit One Practice Test - pdf