2 - Medieval, Renaissance,
<Unit 2 Listening Worksheet Presentation Checklist
1. To help think about the
more than 2000 years of Western civilization, scholars
have divided music history into style periods. These periods provide a
means to organize the features that make up a style.
2. The same style terms
are used for all the arts, although the dates don’t
fully coincide among the various arts.
Until about 250 years ago, art and literature
tended to be more developed than music.
3. From about 800 B.C.
to 476 A.D. Western civilization was dominated by
various city states around the Mediterranean Sea. Greece, especially Athens,
dominated the early centuries of these years and
then the Roman Empire ruled. It
was a time of great accomplishments in the arts and
we have little idea of how their music sounded. WHY?
4. The Middle Ages
followed the fall of the Roman Empire and lasted for
roughly 500 years to about 1100.
Life centered around the manor and the
monasteries. A system
of feudalism bound people to the land and its owner.
5. The Gothic period
lasted from about 1100 to 1450.
It was the time of Scholasticism and the
building of many great cathedrals. The
period was also marked by chivalry, guilds, and the
founding of universities. Many
works of art were created anonymously.
ALSO READ - Sections through the Crusades on this page
Singers improvised the words and the accompaniment.
Magna Carta - 1215
|Early Western Music
As far can be determined, there has been music
since the dawn of history. But
we have only verbal descriptions and pictures to tell
us about it. Why?
2. Pythagoras found that certain
intervals can be represented in mathematical ratios
such as 2:1 (octave - Low C to the C 8 white notes
above it) and 3:2 (fifth - C to G five white notes
up). Go here to see
and hear this.
3. The only type of music we know much
about is the sacred music for the Church, which was
written down and preserved in monasteries. At first only marks
(called neumes) indicated the direction of
the sounds. But later
(around the year 1000) a system of square notes on a
four-line staff was created and music notation
began. See an
illuminated manuscript with neumes.
Gregorian Chant from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_MbDqc3x97k
in the Christian church grew out of Judaism. It assumed many of the
Jewish religious practices such as daily prayer hours
and the singing of psalms.
5. Church music, called Gregorian chant, was compiled and codified about the sixth century under a directive from Pope Gregory. Particular chants were assigned to certain days in the church calendar.
Is this monophony,
homophony, or polyphony?
WHO WAS GUIDO of
AREZZO and what did he do
to help us write out music?
Renaissance Music - 1450-1600
"Renaissance music was not meant
for the concert stage."
Listen to ATU singers - Palestrina's "Sicut Cervus"